When is the Best time to go Fishing?
Many factors like tides, daily cycles, seasonal changes and more work together to make fishing a rewarding experience. With experience, the task of choosing the best time for the particular type of fishing intended, is much easier.
Anyone experienced in the art of pulling fish from the water will have many particular opinions about the best times and seasons for visiting their favorite fishing holes. These are often based on extensive experience in the many particulars that affect fishing success.
Following are some capsules of information on the various factors that affect fish activity and how these can be used to maximize the efficiency of your fishing excursion.
Fish are significantly affected by the temperatures of the water they inhabit. Too many sunny days in the Summer can affect fish in the same way as low temperature in the Winter, making fish in shallow lakes, ponds and rivers inactive.
Because they are cold-blooded, fish don’t regulate their body temperatures in the same way humans and other warm-blooded animals do. Also, if the water is extremely cold or extremely hot the amount of oxygen is lowered in the water, and this also makes fish conserve their energy.
Understanding this first fact about fish will help you to select the best times for fishing throughout the various periods of the year. This information can also help you make the best decisions as far as baits and tackle to use and what types of fish you can expect to see swimming about at any given time. If you are specifically fishing in Costa Rica, then make sure you checkout the Costa Rica Sportfishing Tours And Charters website to get more information.
Why is it that fishing trips have to start so early? This is because as a general rule, fish prefer the early morning warmth or the late afternoon shadows to the harsh midday sun. The waters warming from cold nights to daytime temperatures around late morning present the best time to catch fish that are roused and looking for food.
The warm temperatures will also increase activity in those bait fish that provide food for the game fish, especially on cool early spring days. As the temperature warms, fish will move to deeper cooler waters for comfort. In high-heat conditions you must assume that fish have moved down deeper, this means that shallow-water lures and baiting methods will only work in the very early morning or the late afternoon when the light and temperatures are suitable for moving about in shallow water looking for food.
Then the midday sun warms the surface water decreasing the vital oxygen supply and causing fish to move deeper into the water. At this point, only deep water baiting and lures will successfully attract a fish to bite.
So know you have a basic idea of how fish will react — with varying degrees of sensitivity— to the light and temperature of the waters and why the early morning and later afternoon are the best times to go fishing.
Now, let’s have a look at how the daily cycles will work when we include the varying temperatures of the seasons Spring to Fall.
Early Morning — Not much biting. The weather is still too cold, and the sun is not hitting the water directly enough to warm the surface. Best to wait a few weeks into Spring to take advantage of the warming rays bringing the temperatures to a balmy 39° F — optimal for fish activity.
Late Morning to Early Afternoon— Fish are biting in different spots depending, the warming water means the sun is hitting more directly. Take advantage of the warmer wind blowing down the coastline pushing warmer water and the food with it. Situate yourself downwind on the shoreline and let the fish come to you.
Afternoon and Evening— Good time to head out. The fish are active as the water is warm. Because their metabolism and digestion are cranked, they are also in a feeding frenzy.
Early morning — Fishing is at its prime in the hours just before sun up to around midmorning. There is abundant food in the fish world at this time so finding a hungry fish may be difficult.
Late Morning to Early Afternoon— Hot temperatures send the fish scrambling for the depths to cool off.
Afternoon to Evening— Good time to head out as the cooling waters and shadows cause the fish to return from the depths for a night cap.
Early morning — Not much biting from dawn till the later morning. The sun lowering its angles effectively reduces the morning warmth on the water.
Late Morning to Early Afternoon— Water is cooler due to seasonal changes. Fish will be biting off and on at various spots. Time to pull out the map to your favorite fall fishing spot — or make one.
Afternoon to Evening— Best time to go fishing, the sun is still high overhead, and water temperatures are more comfortable near the surface. Additionally, fish are feeding like mad to put on weight for the upcoming winter.
VARIABLE WEATHER CONDITIONS MUST BE CONSIDERED AS WELL
Wind — The wind is a major factor in fishing. The Wind pushes the warm water, which pushes bits of food near the surface. The bait fish follow the surface food and the game fish follow the bait fish. When you see this, choose a spot where you can cast your line into the wind. This way the bait or lure you are using will have a better chance of blending in with the smorgasbord. If you are in a boat, you can cast with the wind into a sheltered shoreline.
Storms — Storms and changes in the barometer affect fish behavior. Before a cold front, fish seem to begin feeding more and then hardly anything at all directly after. Warm weather conditions can also start a feeding frenzy, especially if it happens in the winter when fish are feeding for winter weight.
Cloudy Days and Rain— Cloudy days cause fish to cruise around looking for potential pieces of food, this is because the sun’s rays are not direct and causing them to hide as they normally would. When this happens, fish are found scattered about the waterway rather than populating their structured environments as they normally would.
Light rain also prevents a good time for fishing, especially in the Spring and Summer months. The sprinkling rain will obscure your presence from the fish below the surface and also dumps plenty of insect and other foodstuffs into the water encouraging fish to have a bite.